Kidney failure is a situation in which the kidneys no longer function properly. As the kidneys continue to deteriorate, more damage is done to the body and the kidneys causing even further deterioration. If not treated properly, total kidney failure can result in death for the patient. Therefore, understanding what causes it and, more importantly, understanding the symptoms of kidney failure is important to ensure that it doesn’t result in death.
Causes of Kidney Failure
Pre-Renal Causes (before the kidney)
- Low blood volume
- Dehydration from vomiting or diarrhea.
- Inefficient intake of fluids
- Loss of blood supply to kidney.
All of these causes can damage the kidney over time, but are not directly connected to the kidney. They are problems found elsewhere that influence the kidney.
Renal Causes (found in the kidney)
- Sepsis: The immune system shuts the kidneys down due to too much infection.
- Medication: Some pills such as Ibuprofen are toxic to the kidney. That is why it is important to drink plenty of fluids.
- Multiply Myeloma
- Rhabdomylosis: This is a situation where the body suddenly destroys a considerable amount of muscle. The muscle fibers then clog the kidneys and it cannot do its job properly.
Post Renal (after the kidney)
- Obstruction of the bladder. This can cause a backup and damage the kidney.
- Prostate cancer can block the urine and prevent it from leaving.
- Kidney stones.
Symptoms of Kidney Failure
By understanding what the causes of renal failure are, it is easier to try and prevent it. However, sometimes prevention is impossible and therefore, knowing the symptoms is the best way to ensure it doesn’t deteriorate and take your life.
- Metabolic acidosis: This means that the body has a higher level of acid because the kidneys are not properly filtering the blood. This can result in organ failure.
- Rising urea levels in the blood.
- Weakness, lethargy, shortness of breath.
- Mental function greatly decreases
- Fluid builds in the lungs to combat the acid and this leads to conjunctive heart failure.
In the end, there is only one outcome for untreated renal failure and that is death. Therefore, it is important to go to the doctor if you begin to notice differences in your personality as well as how you do things. Renal failure can be treated if caught early enough and that’ll prevent permanent damage down the road.